Survival skills are special techniques which an individual can employ in order to live normally in any sort of natural setting or urban setting. These techniques are intended to give basic needs for human survival that include food, water, and shelter. Such techniques may be utilized in the event of an emergency, earthquake, flood, fire, or other catastrophic occurrences. The skills may be used in everyday life as well, for example by those who live in remote and harsh conditions. Survival skills are essential skills that everyone should be aware of and learn.
In the event of an emergency or crisis situation, survival skills could help people who live in the wilderness survive. While most of us could survive in the wilderness with little or no effort, others may have to improvise and develop their survival skills in an area where most people simply die. Survival techniques for wilderness and urban locations may differ, depending on the individual’s circumstances. Some wilderness survival skills could include following basic guidelines like using a compass, a signaling device such as a flashlight, a cell phone, a signal mirror, a radio, and others.
Basic survival skills may also come in handy in an urban or suburban survival situation. For instance, if someone finds himself trapped in a house fire, he may have to use some simple first aid techniques to keep his body from being damaged by smoke and embers. Similarly, if a person finds himself lost in a busy city street, he could call out for help from the local police department or fire department before he panics and starts to wander around in the dark. Basic survival skills could also come in handy if people find themselves lost in a strange unfamiliar place like a grocery store or a construction site that’s off the beaten path. There are also some survival skills that can come in handy even if one is in familiar surroundings, such as CPR, First Aid, and the skills required to remain safe in the face of a hostile situation such as when staying in a hotel room with a stranger for a few hours.
There are also other basic survival skills that should be learned, such as how to purify water and cook food in an emergency. There are a number of ways in which to purify water. One way is to boiling it or using an electric kettle and two quarts of cold water per person, as well as using a large pitcher filled halfway with water. Another method is to add one tablespoon of bleach to one gallon of water. This method will kill germs and bacteria, as well as remove chlorine from the water, making it safer to drink. Other ways to purify water include using sea salt and vinegar.
The best survival kits should contain a first aid kit, a fire starter kit, an insect repellent, some spare clothes, a blanket, a watch, a radio, a compass, a map, a cellphone, a garbage bag, a folding knife, a hand mirror, a whistle, a compass, a sun visor, a book on how to survive in the wild, a garbage bag, and a pocket guide to help them in their wilderness adventures. In addition to the above items, the kit should also contain items for cooking, one toolbox with drills, a screwdriver set, a cordial box, screwdrivers, pliers, and hand tools. Another good item to include is a compass. Survivalists usually carry flashlights, but sometimes you can substitute a flashlight for a lantern. It is also a good idea to have a cell phone with a waterproof earpiece.
Another basic survival skill is how to build a campfire. If you know where to find wood, it is easy to build a fire in the woods. Using a blowtorch, an ordinary broom, and a pile of dry leaves or brush, you can start a fire without having to spend much time or effort. You may want to invest in some tools such as a saw, a hatchet, a shovel, or a pry bar to help you keep the fire going. A garbage bag and a plastic bag filled with water are also handy items to have. You may not be able to cook over a campfire, but you could use your bare hands to help you clean up any impurities and kill insects that might be living in your campfire.